||La Habana Vieja, Old Havana Fortifications
The historical part of the city was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1982, mainly comprises the ancient walled area, although it also includes the system of colonial fortresses. The meticulous restoration work on streets, fortresses, squares and buildings incorporates even the smallest aspects witch contribute to the beauty of the area.
Old Havana in its entirety encapsulates a philosophy, that of the being a living part of a city that attracts everyone on account of its hospitality and culture, besides its history.
Real Fuerza Castel
Built between 1558 and 1578, this is the oldest fortress in Havana. During the colonial times it was the residence of Spanish governors. It is located next to Arms Square and Avenida del Puerto, and is the venue for the Museum of Ceramics.
Tres Reyes del Morro Castle
The castle is located at the entrance of the bay and was build between 1589 and 1610, it was consider unassailable unit it was taken by the British in 1762. In the 19 th century a lighthouse was build in the complex at the entrance to the port and helps to guide sailors in. Today, it forms part of the Morro-Cabana Historic Military Park .
San Salvador de La Punta Castle
The castle was build between 1590 and 1600 in order to protect the entrance of the port from corsair and pirate attacks. It's located to the west of the mouth of the Havana Bay.
Morro Cabana Military Park
This complex offers visitors the opportunity to tour five centuries of Havana 's history. These fortress, witnesses to an era of corsair and pirate attacks, as well as offensive launched by the British armada, are remarkably well preserved. Visitors will see their solid structures, ancient batteries, arsenals and moats. There are also modern restaurants, bars and cafeterias. At nine o'clock every day ceremony of firing of the Canon (Canonazo) is held, an ancient ritual whereby the shot signaled closure of the city gates, raising chain across the mouth of Havana Bay.
San Carlos de la Cabana Fortress
The fortress is located behind the Morro Castle and was build between 1763 and 1774 in order to reinforce the defense of Havana, which had been taken by the British in 1762 from this advantageous high point. This gigantic fortress is located on the hill that overlooks the city.
Bacuranao Fortified Tower
Declared a National Monument, this was one of the complementary fortifications build in 1650 to defend northern coast of Havana . It is located by the Bacuranao river, on the beach of the same name, east of the city where English troops landed in 1762 during their attack on Havana.
San Lazaro Fortified Tower
This is the watch tower that allowed for the early detection of corsairs and pirates. It was build in the 16 th century in the ancient San Lazaro cove, outside the boundaries of Old Havana. It is situated next to the Antonio Maceo Park , at the corner of Malecon and Marina Centro Habana.
La Chorrera Fortified Tower
Build in 1646, this tower defended the entrance to the Almendares river, which was navigable at the time. It was taken by the British in 1762, located at the corner of Malecon and Calle 20 Vedado.
This is a unique construction designed as part of the city's defense plans with the aim of defending the eastern side of the bay against pirate and corsair attacks.